Species’ vulnerability not assesed
Common species down to 650 m, but most often on the continental shelf, on sandy and muddy bottoms. Juveniles common in reefs. Smaller silvery specimens taken far out at sea in the epipelagic.
Western Atlantic: off the continental coast from Florida, USA and the Gulf of Mexico to northern South America, including islands in the Caribbean. Eastern Atlantic: off Senegal to Angola.
Credits: Fishbase, Sealifebase, Aquamaps