Inhabits circumlittoral zone and upper bottoms of bathyal systems. Exhibits benthic (seafloor level) behavior during spawning season and pelagic behavior at other times, e.g., during hunting. Carnivorous predators ; juvenile feeds on planktonic prey while adult frequently feeds on fish and sometimes on cephalopods and crustaceans.
Occurs abundantly in coastal waters from the North Sea to at least the west coast of Africa. This species is extensively exploited by commercial fisheries.