Occurs mainly on sandy and muddy bottoms from the coast, below 20 m down to depths of 1,000 m. It lies half-buried in the sediment waiting for its prey. It attracts prey by means of its fishing filament. Feeds mainly on fishes, occasionally sea-birds. Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, sautéed, broiled, boiled, fried, microwaved and baked. Generally sold without the skin and the head in Europe.
Eastern Atlantic: south-western Barents Sea to Strait of Gibraltar, Mediterranean and Black Sea.