An active, gregarious fish occurring inshore and offshore waters. Usually enters coastal waters in spring and returns to deeper waters in winter. Smaller fish in inshore waters feed on small crustaceans and small fish, while larger fish prey predominantly upon fishes. Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked, canned and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked.
Eastern Atlantic: Barents Sea, Spitsbergen to Bay of Biscay, Iceland. Western Atlantic: southwest Greenland, Hudson Strait to North Carolina. Also long-distance north-south migrations for Europe and the US.